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New report: Global solar installations almost double in 2023 but leaves emerging economies in the dark

•    SolarPower Europe’s annual Global Market Outlook for Solar Power 2024-2028 reveals that, in 2023, global solar yearly installations grew by 87% on the previous year.

•    2023 brought 447 GW of new solar compared to the 239 GW installed in 2022, bringing the world’s total solar capacity to 1.6 TW.

•    Record growth is not experienced in all parts of the world, with 80% of installations concentrated in the top 10 markets – which disproportionately include advanced economies.

•    China has dominated global solar growth, installing 57% of the world’s solar in 2023.

•    The world is likely to achieve 2 TW of total solar this year, after reaching 1 TW in 2022. By 2028, the world could be installing 1 TW of solar a year, but financing and energy system flexibility must be unlocked. 12 trillion USD is needed to deliver the global target of tripling renewables by 2030.


MUNICH, Germany (Tuesday 18th June 2024): Global solar yearly installations almost doubled in 2023, growing by 87% on the previous year. The year brought 447 GW of new solar compared to the 239 GW installed in 2022.

2023’s new solar installations would cover more than half of India’s annual electricity needs or more than Brazil’s entire consumption. Compared to Europe, the annual installations would exceed the total yearly electricity consumption of Sweden, Netherlands, Belgium, Finland, Czechia, Austria, Portugal, and Greece – combined.

SolarPower Europe’s annual Global Market Outlook for Solar Power 2024-2028 reveals growth rates not seen in over a decade, since 2010 when the global solar market was only 4% of what it is today.

Solar continues to soar amongst its renewable colleagues, installing 78% of the total renewable energy installed around the world in 2023. This is reflected in the IEA World Energy Investment (WEI) 2024 report, which demonstrates that investment in solar PV in 2023 surpasses all other energy sources combined.

Walburga Hemetsberger, CEO of SolarPower Europe said, “The world has truly entered its solar age. The sky is no longer the limit. How far solar can go will be determined by equitable global access to financing, and the political will to deliver flexible energy systems fit for the renewable reality.”

The top 10 markets represent 80% of global solar installations in 2023*, with the leaderboard disproportionately drawn from advanced economies. While the number of advanced solar markets – installing at least 1 GW annually – grew in 2023 to reach 31 countries** (up from 28 in 2022), the list does not heavily feature emerging economies. As per the WEI 2024 report, clean energy spending in emerging and developing economies only accounts for 15% of total clean energy investment worldwide. $ 12 trillion USD needs to be deployed to achieve the COP28 target of tripling renewables by 2030 – solar will deliver half of this target.

Looking to the future, the world is set to reach more than 2 TW of total solar capacity this year, having only reached the 1 TW level in 2022. However, between 2024 and 2028, year-on-year growth is expected to slow in the face of high interest rates, an energy crisis resolved – for now, and grids around the world struggling to keep up with renewable demand.

Michael Schmela, Director of Market Intelligence at SolarPower Europe said, “It’s all just a little bit of history repeating – the world revises its solar estimates upwards and we get a glimpse at the vast potential of solar. By 2028, we could be installing more than 1 TW of solar a year. It’s now about setting targets in line with reality, and addressing the familiar challenges – permitting, regulations enabling profitable business models, and the new frontier – system flexibility, through vast amounts of battery storage capacities.  The sector is ready to deliver the decarbonised energy system, and policymakers must wake up to the climate and energy security solution on their doorsteps.”

For now, it seems that China will determine the rate of global solar growth, though it continues to be one of the most dynamic, and difficult to predict, markets. In 2023 alone, China installed 57% of global capacity – 253 GW – equivalent to the levels installed globally in 2022. On the manufacturing side, a massive scale-up of capacity have led to solar panel price collapses of around 50% last year, and a growing consolidation of the solar manufacturing industry in the country.

Sonia Dunlop, CEO of the Global Solar Council said: “China continues to set the pace of the global solar transition. But to keep 1.5C alive, it is more important than ever that we stay united as an industry. No one country or company can achieve this goal on their own. We must work together to build new markets with untapped potential, create fair and resilient supply chains, and inject massive amounts finance for solar to lead the energy transition.”

To better understand solar developments in China, this year’s report covers the country in a dedicated chapter, provided by the Global Solar Council and its member, the Chinese Renewable Energy Industries Association (CREIA).

Launched annually at Intersolar Europe in Munich, the Global Market Outlook for Solar Power is produced in partnership with the Global Solar Council.


  • To compare annual installations against electricity consumption in various countries, we use a capacity factor of 17%, as estimated by the International Renewable Energy Agency.  A capacity factor is the ratio of the actual energy output from a solar power system over a given period to the maximum possible energy output if the system operated at full capacity continuously during that period. Data on electricity consumption in named countries is drawn from 2021 data for India and Brazil via U.S. Energy Information Administration, while European data is from 2023 and Ember.


  • Top 10 Solar Markets in 2023
    Country 2023 Installations
    China 253 GW
    United States 32.4 GW
    Brazil 15.4 GW
    Germany 15.0 GW
    India 12.5 GW
    Spain 8.9 GW
    Japan 6.2 GW
    Italy 5.2 GW
    Australia 5.1 GW
    Netherlands 4.9 GW
  • **31 GW-scale markets in 2023
    Country 2023 Installations
    1. China
    253 GW
    1. United States
    32.4 GW
    1. Brazil
    15.4 GW
    1. Germany
    15.0 GW
    1. India
    12.5 GW
    1. Spain
    8.9 GW
    1. Japan
    6.2 GW
    1. Italy
    5.2 GW
    1. Australia
    5.1 GW
    1. Netherlands
    4.9 GW
    1. Poland
    4.6 GW
    1. South Africa
    3.2 GW
    1. France
    3.2 GW
    1. United Arab Emirates
    3.1 GW
    1. South Korea
    3.0 GW
    1. Turkey
    2.7 GW
    1. Taiwan
    2.7 GW
    1. Austria
    2.7 GW
    1. Sweden
    2.0 GW
    1. Saudi Arabia
    1.9 GW
    1. Belgium
    1.9 GW
    1. United Kingdom
    1.8 GW
    1. Chile
    1.6 GW
    1. Mexico
    1.7 GW
    1. Greece
    1.6 GW
    1. Hungary
    1.6 GW
    1. Switzerland
    1.5 GW
    1. Portugal
    1.5 GW
    1. Romania
    1.5 GW
    1. Pakistan
    1.3 GW
    1. Bulgaria
    1.2 GW


Please note that these numbers are based on SolarPower Europe modelling, which are based on a number of different sources.

About SolarPower Europe

SolarPower Europe is the award-winning link between policymakers and the solar PV value chain. Our mission is to ensure solar becomes Europe’s leading energy source by 2030. As the member-led association for the European solar PV sector, SolarPower Europe represents over 300 organisations across the entire solar sector. With solar sitting on the horizon of unprecedented expansion, we work together with our members to create the necessary regulatory and business environment to take solar to the next level.

About the Global Solar Council

The Global Solar Council (GSC) is the united voice of the solar industry worldwide. As a non-profit trade body, our vision is to create a fair and sustainable world with solar at the heart of a new energy economy. Driven by our passion for a cleaner, more just world, we work as a community to ensure everyone’s voices are heard, advocating for swift progress to be made in the battle for the climate. We advise governments on behalf of our members on the pressing issues central to the solar transition, including finance, grids, skills and supply chains.

About Intersolar Europe

Intersolar Europe is the world’s leading exhibition for the solar industry. It takes place as part of ‘The smarter E Europe’ – the continent’s largest platform for the energy industry. It focuses on photovoltaics, solar thermal technologies and solar power plants. Under the motto “Connecting solar business,” manufacturers, suppliers, distributors, service providers and project planners and developers from around the world meet in Munich to discuss the latest developments and trends, explore innovations firsthand and meet potential new customers. Intersolar Europe will take place from June 19–21, 2024, at Messe München.

For more information

Bethany Meban
Head of Press and Policy Communications