Renewable energy has become a crucial focus in the fight against climate change, driven by the need to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and mitigate the impact of global warming. Fossil fuel energy production has been the primary contributor to GHG emissions, causing approximately 75% and nearly 90% of carbon dioxide emissions. The consequences are evident in the melting polar ice caps, rising sea levels, and extreme weather events such as hurricanes, floods, and droughts.
To address this environmental challenge, the Paris Agreement has set a goal of limiting the Earth’s temperature rise to 1.5°C. Achieving this target requires a 45% reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 and ultimately reaching net zero emissions by 2050. Renewable energy sources, particularly solar and wind, play a pivotal role in transitioning away from fossil fuels and achieving these ambitious targets.